Article Processing Charge - a fee typically charged by the publisher of a journal for an article to be published open access. The APC can range from a few hundred to more than 5,000 CHF, depending on the journal and the type of article. According to the CERN Open Access policy, CERN authors are expected to publish their articles open access. The Scientific Information Service has a central fund to pay the APCs in these cases. You can find more information here.
Archives are records created by individuals and groups in the course of their activities, and which have been preserved for their long-term historic value. They comprise unpublished items such as letters, notes, internal reports, etc. Typically, around 5-10% of the documents produced by an organization might merit long-term preservation. See more information on the ICA website
This is the standard the CERN publishing policy aims for. In the gold open access model, the publisher makes all articles and related content available for free immediately on the journal's website, usually by requiring the author, or the author's institution, rather than the reader to bear the costs of publication. In such publications, articles are licensed for sharing and reuse via creative commons licenses or similar. More information on gold OA on Wikipedia
All articles posted on arXiv are green open access. Self-archiving by authors is permitted by most publishers. In case of doubt, consult Sherpa Romeo. Independently from publication by a publisher, the author also posts the work to a website controlled by the author, the research institution that funded or hosted the work, or to an independent central open repository, where people can download the work without paying. More information on green OA on Wikipedia
Massive open online course
Open access (OA) is a set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other access barriers. With open access strictly defined (according to the 2001 definition), or libre open access, barriers to copying or reuse are also reduced or removed by applying an open license for copyright. For more information, see Open access on Wikipedia
'Open Science represents a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools. The idea captures a systemic change to the way science and research have been carried out for the last fifty years: shifting from the standard practices of publishing research results in scientific publications towards sharing and using all available knowledge at an earlier stage in the research process.' (European Commission)
A preprint is a version of a scientific paper that precedes formal peer review and publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
While the publication in a peer-reviewed journal often takes some time, authors frequently distribute findings of scientific research by submitting their preprints to an institutional repository (in CERN’s case CDS) or other preprint databases like for example arXiv.org.
Access the CERN preprint collection on CDS.
A repository can be compared to an online archive which collects, preserves, and disseminates specific content. This content can either be related to a specific subject, for example collecting all scientific papers related to high energy physics, or collecting the entire intellectual output of an institution – for example CDS is CERN’s institutional repository. It collects a large variety of documents and resources (e.g. presentations, administrative notes, conference contributions, theses, posters, photos, videos, monographs, preprints, journal articles etc.) in order to provide access to them within, as well as in some cases outside of the institution. The Operational Circular no. 6 requires every CERN Author to submit a copy of their scientific documents to the CERN Document Server (CDS).
Read on how and where CERN Authors should submit their document, report or paper.
Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics - the world largest open access initiative, hosted by CERN. More than 3,000 partners from 43 countries collaborate to make around 90% of the particle physics journal articles open access.
Scientific Information Service
Norm, technical requirements